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Benefits of the scheme

  • Social protection for the most vulnerable people living in rural India by providing employment opportunities.
  • Livelihood security for the poor through creation of durable assets, improved water security, soil conservation and higher land productivity.
  • Drought-proofing and flood management in rural India.
  • Empowerment of the socially disadvantaged, especially women, Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Schedules Tribes (STs), through the processes of a rights-based legislation.
  • Strengthening decentralised, participatory planning through convergence of various anti-poverty and livelihoods initiatives.
  • Deepening democracy at the grass-roots by strengthening Panchayati Raj Institutions.
  • Effecting greater transparency and accountability in governance

Thus, MGNREGA is a powerful instrument for ensuring inclusive growth in rural India through its impact on social protection, livelihood security and democratic empowerment.

How to get benefits of the scheme

Implementation of the Mahatma Gandhi NREGA (MGNREGA) involves roles and responsibilities of a large number of stakeholders from the village to the national level. The key stakeholders are

  • Wage seekers
  • Gram Sabha (GS)
  • Three-tier Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), especially the Gram Panchayat (GP)
  • Programme Officer at the Block level
  • District Programme Coordinator (DPC)
  • State Government
  • Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD)
  • Civil Society

Other stakeholders (viz. line departments, convergence departments, Self-Help Groups (SHGs), etc.)

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)
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